16 Short Facts about Tiger Sharks

1) The nickname “Tiger” is because, as the great Asian feline, this shark presents a series of dark transverse streaks on the back and sides that tend to fade with age.

2) Its skin varies from blue to bluish green which is an excellent camouflage as this shark usually hunts attacking its prey from below passing unnoticed in the depth.

3) In the central area and face is white.

4) The snout is flat and the head, quite crushed, presents an almost rectangular shape, where it highlights a sizeable parabolic mouth that is surrounded by very developed labial folds.

5) The eyes are large and circular, and the nostrils elongated and very advanced, arranged almost in frontal position.

6) The teeth are large, sharp and very pointed, with sharply serrated edges, except in the inner part of the tip.

7) This peculiar morphology makes them perfectly capable of breaking bones of large animals and turtle shells.

8) In case of losing one of the teeth during the attack, another grows to take its place.

9) The body is quite stout, but it thins in an accused way as it approaches the caudal fin.

10) The maximum tested weight was 1524 kg, corresponding to a specimen caught in New South Wales, Australia, in 1954, which measured 5.5 m.

11) The dorsal fin, long and pointed, is highly developed; the front flaps are wide and sickle-shaped, and the caudal has a higher lobe of greater size than the lower.

12) The other four posterior fins (one dorsal and three ventrals) are quite small.

13) The fin has an apparent form of a keel.

14) The tiger shark is a solitary and predominantly nocturnal predator, attacking all types of prey: from bony and squid fish to rays and other sharks, through gastropods, crustaceans, sea turtles, seabirds and marine mammals.

15) Their growth is slow, and maturity does not reach 4-6 years old, when males reach 2.20 meters and females 2.60.

16) The oldest known specimen was 50 years old.

By Albert kok - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link